عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Satire, which has been prevalent among most poets, sometimes addresses their poetry. One of the well-known protesting satirical essays of such nature is the essay “Sahv-al-lesaan” (A slip of the tongue) by Sharif Tabrizi (a 17th century poet) criticizing the poetry of his teacher, Lesaani of Shiraz. In response, Heydari of Tabriz, in his essay called “lesaan-al-ghayb” (Language of the unseen), protests against Sharif. Then, Sadeqi Beyk Afshar, a Safavid painter and poet (1523-1609 or 1613 CE) denounces “Lesaan-al-ghayb” in his essay entitled “Hajv-e thaleth” (third Satire).
In this article, after introducing the poets involved in the dispute, we present the text of Sadeqi Beyk Afshar's essay “Hajv-e thaleth”, which has been edited on the basis of the manuscript available among Mohammad Nakhjavani's books dedicated to the National Library of Tabriz (No. 36), and collated with the manuscript belonging to Malek National Library (No. 6325).